Beautiful and fascinating constructions are dotted around the world, and the appearance suggests that they are getting built every day using top and most modern construction methods of construction and materials. Whatever the fancy buildings that are built today, other points around the globe have historic buildings that have endured through the years and are becoming world-class, the most popular tourist destinations in the present. These structures from the past have shaped and created the present world that we are living in now. From the Pyramids of Egypt from The Buckingham Palace hanging gardens to the city once called Athens.
These historic buildings influence what we think of construction today and how contractors perform their work. Looking back on these buildings provides clues into how our ancestors built the structures, how they lived their lives, what they considered important, what type of societies they lived in, and what their lives were like during their day.
Barnenez, France – 4850 BCE
It is located in Brittany, France, the Cairn of Barnenez is among the oldest structures found on Earth, dating back to 4850 BC. The cairn measures 72 meters long, 20-25 metres wide and nine metres high. It also has 11 burial chambers and passageways. It’s a symbol of the Neolithic period, when the usage of polished stone and livestock farming and agricultural practices was first introduced, per the French National Monuments Centre. This Cairn of Barnenez is situated on a high hill that runs along the coastline of the English Channel. It is recognizable for its lengthy design and serrated patterns of the arrangement of stones that make up the structure. They have engravings in the shape of a V and are dotted with axes. They are shaped like V-shapes and have dotted axes. Cairn of Barnenez is believed at between 12,000 and 14,000 tonnes. The entrances into the burial chambers face toward the east, towards sunrise.
NECROPOLIS OF BOUGON – 4700 BC
Five Neolithic barrows found in Bougon, France, make up the Tumulus of Bougon, also known as the Necropolis in Bougon. The dates range from 4800 to 4700 BCE. They are among the oldest burial mounds found in Europe. They have been excavated for many years since their discovery in 1840. They hold many bones, skeletons, and burial objects that have been conserved over several decades of digging.
The architectural evolution has occurred over 1000 years; Bougon’s most massive Tumulus spans 236 feet and has a large sepulchral chamber. Visitors can explore Bougon’s Tumulus of Bougon Museum, several educational models, old artefacts, and even the remains of the Cistercian monastery while visiting the Necropolis.
Knap of Howar, Scotland
It’s the most ancient stone building in Europe. It was integral as part of the Neolithic farmstead. Radiocarbon dating indicates that the site existed from 3700 BC until 3100 BC, approximately 5500 years ago. Historic Scotland now manages the site. It is the third oldest construction in the world.
TARXIEN TEMPLES, MALTA
Temples in Tarxien are the third earliest structure on the planet. It’s located in Tarxien, Malta. Built around 3150 BC and is now under protection by UNESCO World Heritage. The entire structure is comprised of three temples that are attached. Of three temples, the first was completed around 3100 BC and is considered the oldest among them.
Newgrange (Irish si and Si an) is a monument from the prehistoric period situated in County Meath, Ireland, 8 km (5.0 miles) to the west of Drogheda on the northern side of the River Boyne. It’s an impressive passage tomb constructed during the Neolithic period, about 3200 BC, making it more ancient than Stonehenge and the Egyptian pyramids.
The location comprises a massive circular mound with an inside stone passageway and chambers. The bones of human beings and burial goods or offerings to the gods were discovered in the chambers. The mound is surrounded by walls of retaining at its front. It comprises quartz white cobblestones and is flanked by kerbstones with engravings. The larger stones in Newgrange are decorated with megalithic artwork.
A circle of stone also surrounds it. A portion of the stone which makes up the monument was sourced from as far as Mournes or the Wicklow Mountains. There’s no consensus on the monument’s purpose, but it’s thought that it was of important religious value. The entrance to the site is aligned with the sun rising at the time of winter solstice, in which sunlight streams through the roof box located over the entry point to the passageway and floods the inside chamber. Several other tombs of passage within Ireland are set to coincide with solstices and the equinoxes. Cairn G at Carrowkeel has the same roof box.
The Temple of Zeus, Greece
In Olympia, The Temple of Zeus is one of the world’s most ancient and impressive structures. The temple was completed in 456 BC and is nearly 2500 years older.
The temple is dedicated to the god Zeus, who is the god of gods from Greek mythology. It was constructed with marble and limestone and had six columns of impressive height on both sides. It also has an impressive pediment with relief art depicting Zeus and other mythological creatures.
The magnificent structure has lasted through the years and is still standing even though it’s more damaged than it was when initially constructed. The statues originally erected in the temple were stolen and relocated to different locations. However, the architectural style and art are still intact.
Another of the oldest structures in the world is Uruk. If you think of Uruk, it is important to remember that it’s not one construction but rather an entire old city.
It is thought it was the very first major city to be built. It is comprised of many temples, as well as structures within Iraq and is a pivotal stage in the evolution of civilization.
Built in 4000 BCE, Uruk was home to 40,000 people. Until now, archaeologists have managed to locate 20 temples, one room, two normal halls, a grand hall, 4 bathing buildings and other essentials in the remains.
Monte d’Accoddi, 4000 B.C – 3650 B.C, Italy
Monte d’Accoddi is an important megalithic site in Northern Sardinia, Italy. The site’s archaeological remains were traced to the second quarter of the fourth millennium B.C. The diverse parts of the site were constructed at different times of times. Today’s site only has floors of the interior temple, a pyramidal structure, and the outer wall. This means that archaeologists have described Monte d’ Accodi in various ways in terms of a step or temple pyramid. Monte d’ Accodi was founded in 1954.
Knap of Howar, United Kingdom (3700 BC)
Knap of Howar is one of the oldest preserved stone homes located in the northern part of Europe. According to the Radiocarbon dating of the stone, the home was built between 3700 BC to 2800 BC and was in line with the settlement pattern in Skara Brae on the Orkney Mainland. The walls were measured 1.6 metres, and the stone furniture was in good condition creating a stunning residence appearance. The people have livestock, sheep and pigs. They also cultivate grain and barley.
Prehistoric landmark as well as one of Ireland’s most ancient constructions. The structure was built around 3200 BC, about 5100 years ago, during the Neolithic period. Newgrange has constructed before the Egyptian pyramids as well as Stonehenge.
The main structure is a huge circular mound with an inner stone corridor and rooms. Human bones, possibly burial items or votive offerings found in the rooms. It is believed to be sacred. However, there’s no agreement on the exact purpose of the site. To serve. It’s now a significant tourist attraction. Prehistory saw the site as the country’s most important national landmark. It was also acknowledged as one of Europe’s top notable megalithic sites.
GREAT PYRAMID OF GIZA
It is the most famous landmark in the world. The pyramid of Egypt is the biggest and the oldest of three, which remain within Giza to this day. It’s also known as The Pyramid of Khufu because of Khufu, the Pharaoh to whose tomb the structure was constructed. It took over ten years to build this building, which was finished in 2560 BC. The original pyramid was over 480 feet. It was the tallest building on Earth for approximately 3800 years after its construction. The construction used modern tools and involved much manual work to get stones to the top. It’s also among the most renowned monuments from Ancient Egypt.
Knap of Howar, Papa Westray, Scotland
The discovery was made in the 1930s. In the 1930s, the Knap of Howar was one of the oldest structures discovered to humanity. The Scottish construction is thought to be built around 3600 BCE. It comprises two structures connected by stone walls to one similarly. In further research, archaeologists discovered that the bigger building was the principal’s house and that the smaller one adjacent to it was a workshop. It is believed that the Knap of Howar was thought to have been constructed over the ruin of the previous structure.